A company which makes smart luggage that incorporates a phone charger and GPS system to track lost suitcases has ceased trading after airlines banned passengers from checking bags with built-in lithium-ion batteries.




Bluesmart, formed in 2014 with the support of a $2 million (£1.48m) crowdfunding campaign, has fallen victim to new safety rules imposed by many leading carriers who fear that the lithium-ion batteries pose a fire risk, especially when left unattended in the hold.  

In the US, smart cases are banned from the hold unless the batteries can be removed. Some airlines allow smaller bags in the cabin as long as the power is switched off. Others, including British Airways, demand that the batteries be removed from checked luggage and carry on bags as well.

Bluesmart, which has sold an estimated 65,000 bags, which can cost up to £400, ran into trouble because removing the batteries entailed removing from the case four screws and unplugging three wires.

“The changes in policies announced by several major airlines at the end of last year — the banning of smart luggage with non-removable batteries—put our company in an irreversibly difficult financial and business situation,” the company said on its website.

“After exploring all the possible options for pivoting and moving forward, the company was finally forced to wind down its operations and explore disposition options, unable to continue operating as an independent entity.”

The company added that it will no longer provide warranty backing for anybody who bought their bags.

Tomi Pierucci, the company’s chief executive, angrily condemned the restrictions when they were introduced, describing them as an “absolute travesty”.

Other manufacturers of smart bags such as Away and Raden are in a better position because the batteries can be removed easily. However, doing so disables one of the key features, the electrically powered GPS system which enables passengers to track lost bags using a mobile phone.

According to Steph Korey, Away’s chief executive, there has also been confusion at airports where staff have banned smart bags - even those with removable batteries.

In recent years, a number of aircraft have been forced to make emergency diversions after lithium-ion batteries have caught fire in the cabin. The Civil Aviation Authority says the batteries are “very safe, but… if they are not treated with care or if they are abused or have a manufacturing fault, they can catch fire”.

It is not only restrictions at the "high tech" end of airline travel having an impact on passengers. Tighter restrictions on baggage size are imposing changes on travellers, but creating business opportunities for some companies.

With some carriers even charging for use of the overhead bins, travellers are buying smaller bags – good news for luggage manufacturers.

Jay Sorensen, whose company IdeaWorks specialises in analysing the money airlines make from ancillary products, has noticed a sharp rise in smaller bags on sale in stores in the US.

Samsonite has noticed a change in passenger purchasing, a spokesman said.  "In the US, we have seen an increase in 'underseater' sales. These are wheeled bags that fit underneath the seat in front of you so you don’t have to worry about it fitting in the overhead bin."

The other big winners from shrinking carry-on bag limits are credit card companies offering travel perks for those who sign up for their more expensive products. For example, a number of airlines offer co-branded credit cards which afford passengers one free checked in bag per flight.

With annual subscriptions costing around $100 (£73), it normally only takes a couple of trips for the card to pay for itself. Delta, which charges an annual $95 (£70) subscription fee, signed up one million customers for its co-branded American Express card last year.

Examples of “smart” luggage include features such as:

  • Lithium ion battery and motor allowing it to be used as a personal transportation device, either as a stand-up scooter, or sit on vehicle. These devices do not meet the criteria of a mobility device.
  • Lithium ion battery power bank that allows charging of other electronic devices such as mobile phones, tablets and laptops.
  • GPS tracking devices with or without GSM capability.
  • Bluetooth, RFID and Wi-Fi capability.
  • Electronic baggage tags.
  • Electronic locks.
  • Lithium ion battery, motor and tracking device (GPS) allowing the bag to self-propel and ‘follow’ the owner.


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